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Research archive | Casestudy

The definitive publications on implementation of the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture

Study of The Operation and Impact of the Council of Europe Committee for the Prevention of Torture

1994 - 1996 | £42,000 over 2 years
Professor Rod Morgan and Professor Malcolm Evans, University of Bristol

In 1989 the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture, signature of which is a pre-condition of membership of the Council of Europe, came into force.  In , 1990 the Committee (the CPT) established by the Convention began making unannounced visits to places of custody for which the Convention provides.  Rod Morgan, a criminologist, was one of the expert advisors on whom the CPT regularly called for inspection assistance.  Malcolm Evans, an international human rights lawyer colleague in the University of Bristol department of Law, applied with Morgan for funds to undertake an empirical study of how the Convention was being implemented and the impact of the CPT's work on police practices and custodial conditions in member states.  This pathbreaking study - international lawyers have traditionally studied texts but not looked closely at impact - supported by the Trust resulted in the publication of three books and many scholarly articles including the definitive text on the origins and content of the Convention (Evans and Morgan Preventing Torture, OUP 1998) and the Council of Europe's own guide to the working of the Convention and what have become the highly influential CPT standards (Morgan and Evans Combating Torture in Europe, Council of Europe, 2001).